Long Range/Distance Infrared Transmitter

Long distance infrared transmitter circuit diagram

Here the long range/distance Infrared transmitter circuit, give you extra power for your Infrared transmitter. The majority of the IR remotes do the job reliably within a range of 5 metres. The circuit complexity increases in case you design the IR transmitter for good operation more than a extended distance, for example, 10 metres. To double the distance from 5 metres to 10 metres, it is advisable to enhance the transmitted power 4 times.

In case you want to realise a highly directional IR beam (very narrow beam), you could suitably make use of IR laser pointer as the IR signal source. The laser pointer is readily offered in the marketplace. Even so, using a very narrow beam from the laser pointer, you will need to take special care, lest a small jerk to the gadget may change the beam positioning and lead to loss of contact. Right here is really a simple circuit which will provide you with a fairly long distance. It utilizes three infrared transmitting LEDs (IR1 through IR3) in series to improve the radiated power. Further more, to improve the directivity and so also the power density, you may construct the IR LEDs inside the reflector of a torch.

For improving the circuit performance, a MOSFET (BS170) has been applied, which works as being a switch and thus minimizes the electrical power loss that would happen if a transistor were being applied. To prevent any drop while in its “on”/”off” operations, a 100uF reservoir capacitor C2 is used across the battery source. Its benefit is going to be more obvious if the IR transmitter is operated by common batteries. Capacitor C2 provides additional charge while in “switching on” processes.

Since the MOSFET exhibits big capacitance across gate-source terminals, a particular drive arrangement has been built implementing NPN-PNP Darlington pair of BC547 and BC557 (as emitter followers), to prevent distortion of the gate drive input. Data (CMOS-compatible) for being transmitted is utilized for modulating the 38 kHz frequency produced by CD4047 (IC1). Even so, in the circuit shown here, tactile switch S1 has been utilized for modulating and transmitting the IR signal.

Assemble the circuit on a standard PCB. Use switch S2 for power “on”/”off” control. Commercially available IR receiver modules (e.g., TSOP1738) can be utilized for effective reception of the transmitted IR signals.

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